The Grouper is a large, robust fish belonging to the Epinephelinae subfamily, found in warm ocean waters worldwide. They inhabit coral reefs, rocky areas, and seagrass beds, with some species dwelling in deep-sea environments. Groupers are known for their distinctively stout bodies, large mouths, and powerful jaws, which enable them to consume a variety of prey, including fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods. They are ambush predators, relying on stealth and camouflage to capture their prey. Groupers are also protogynous hermaphrodites, meaning they can change sex from female to male during their lifetime. Their unique characteristics make them a popular target for both commercial and recreational fishing.
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